Toxicity of chlorpyrifos, spinosad and abamectin on cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera and their sublethal effects on fecundity and longevity Abstract Cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera Hubner is the most important pest of cotton, tomato and chickpea in Iran. The pest has been found to develop resistance against conventional insecticides. Using of […]

Lactobacillus is a naturally happening bacterium. It performs a fermentation serve as within the human intestine and in other cardio situations. Lactic acid helps decomposition of organic subject, which causes much less power loss from excess heat and fuel. In soil, it is idea that the accumulation of heat and […]

Asexual copy imposes evolutionary handicaps on asexual species, rendering them at risk of extinction, as a result of asexual replica generates novel genotypes and purges deleterious mutations at lower charges than sexual replica. Here, we report the primary case of whole asexuality in ants, the fungus-growing ant Mycocepurus smithii, the […]

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