Importance of Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) plant due to its several uses benefits to agriculture and industry

Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) is very important plant due to its several uses benefits to agriculture and industry. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) is occasionally called “Mother Best Friend” and called Miracle tree. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) is found to be native to the sub-Himalayan regions of the north-west India and Pakistan. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) is a fast growing drought resistant tree and belong to family Moringaceae, with 13 known species. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) is easy to grow from seed or cuttings. Its maximum height is 10-12m, while its trunk can reach a diameter of 45 cm. The flower is approximately 1.0-1.5 cm long and 2.0cm wide. Flowering starts with in the first six month of planting.

It can grow in most soils Such as sandy soils and climatic condition or marginal areas. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) tree is easy to propagate, and is fast to grow. It is found to be the most nutrients rich plant discovered till now. It is a rich source of nutrients amino acids, antioxidants and also has antiaging and anti-inflammatory. Zeatin is present in excess amount in moringa leaves. Growth enhancing compounds like ascorbates, cytokinin, phenolic and minerals like K, Fe and ca make it a tremendous crop growth enhancer. The best use of moringa leaf extract is that it acts as a plant growth enhance , Lab experiments showed that moringa spray had a wide range of beneficial effects on crop like plant resistant to disease  and pest , longer life- span , heavier roots, stem and leaves, produced more fruit, larger fruit, increase in yield 20-30%. It is a deciduous tree.

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Erum Rashid, Zahoor Hussain, Shahla Rashid

College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha.

Various sources of plant extract are used but moringa is gaining much attention these days. Moringa leaves roots fruit and flower used as vegetable. Morimga leaves are a source of vitamin A and C, iron, calcium, riboflavin, β- carotene and phenolic acid like growth substances. Moringa leaf extract can be used as biostimulants, hence its leaf extract in water contains growth enhancing substances

These days’ farmers are well about the application of organic fertilizer to improve their production as well as farming land. In order to fill the demand of organic fertilizer, one of such option use of moringa leaf extracts as fertilizer. The nutritional quality of food raised by organic farming in comparison to traditional farming is a current issue that continues to attract interest and generate discussion consumer regard organic food not only as better, but also a safe more hygienic and free of chemical residues and artificial ingredients.

Foliar appliance of moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) leaf extract helpful for the vigorous growth, deeper root development, seed germination,  and delay of fruit senescence . Moringa leaf extract also improve yield quality /quantity capacity of crop to resist adverse environmental conditions. Moreover, plants treated with moringa leaf extract exhibited more disease and pest resistance. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) control soil borne fungal diseases, might prove to be effective than fungicides. Not only are bio-agents environmentally friendly compared to chemical methods, but they have also been revealed (in several in-vitro studies) to effectively reduce pathogen growth.  Hence different investigation evaluates that foliar application of moringa leaf extract in enhancing fruit set, quality and yield of plants. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) leaf extract is an organic technology which increases, growth of most vegetable and field crops. This phenomenon is similar to artificial hormonal effect because the extract holds the most common form of naturally occurring cytokinin in plants such as zeatin. The vegetables crops include rape, cabbage and tomato, while field crops include common beans and maize.

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Moring (Moringa oleifera L.) leaf extract is a technology which is cheap and environmentally safe to use. It achieves best when used in combination with artificial fertilizers. Hence it is a very important synergistic component and alternative to synthetic fertilizers for rural poor. Moringa grown at household level it is always accessible and available to the grower. According to different studies Moring (Moringa oleifera L.) have various valuable medicinal effects to humans which include AIDS/HIV related diseases. Moringa has demonstrated to be a potential source for investigation as researcher have motivated their emphasis to “Miracle tree”.

Due to its medicinal properties and health benefits Moringa has been used for centuries. It also has antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant properties. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) may lead to modest reduction in blood sugar and cholesterol. It may also have antioxidant and antiflammatory effects and protect against arsenic toxicity. Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) leaves are also highly nutritious and should be useful for people who are lacking of essential nutrients.

Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) has a great possible in improving nutrition and support immune function of poultry and animal. Seed eaten green or dry. Moringa leaves can be used as a feed supplement, to improve feed efficiency of livestock performance. Different studies have shown that the use of moringa seed extract has led to a decrease in heavy metal contamination of groundwater.

Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) tree is one of the large amount nutrient-rich plants in the world. Moringa has several uses for plant and soil such as a natural growth stimulants and green manure. Exogenous appliance of moringa leaf extract, whether it is an aqueous or ethanol extract, improve the production in various crops, because moringa leaf extract possesses great antioxidant activity and rich in plant secondary metabolites such as ascorbic acid and total phenols, making it a potential natural growth tonic. For harsh environmental conditions, such as salinity and drought moringa leaf ethanol extract is a natural plant growth enhancer, low cost and enhances the tolerance of plants in these unfavorable conditions.