(By Ayesha Khurshid*, Dr. Ghulam Mueen-un-din*, Mujahid Ali**)
(*IFSN, UOS; **Horticulture, UOS)
Date plum is commonly known as “Lilic persimmon” or “Caucasian persimmon” and interestingly known as “Divine fruit”. In Persian, it is called Khormaloo. Date palm scientifically known as Diospyros lotus is the oldest plant in cultivation. Its taste is between Date fruit and plum fruit. It belongs to genus Diospyros. Date plum belongs to family Ebenaceae. It is among oldest fruits mentioned in the history, date back to the time of civilization date plum holds many literary references. Homer the author of the Greek epic poem’ ’The Odyssey” describe this fruit as the god of the fruits according to Greeks.
By the old ages, Greeks date plum referred to wheat of Zeus because this was worshiped for its divinity because diospyros lotus means divine fruit. It is cultivated for purposeful uses. Date plum is also called natural candies. It is highly considered for its flavor across the world.
In Afghanistan and Pakistan, it is considered as delicacies fruit. But it is not very common in India.it is eaten as just any other fruit. It is broadly grown in the colder region. Except for use as the raw material is added to many other dishes .it is used as a core component in various dishes.
It is also used to bring a delicious taste to the pallet as a catalyst. By treating it with lemon and sugar, it can be used in jams.it is used widely in bakeries for making of cakes and pies. For breakfast, it is added to cereal oats and granolas. Fruits leather is made by use of drying of date plum. The wood of date plum is hard and strong and due to its strengths, it is used in the construction of houses and building.
Date plum is highly anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory and helps the body without any toxicity. It helps to prevent brain cancer tumor in head and neck because of the presence of the anti-cancerous substance, it also helps in major healing and fighting asthma and lungs infection it is highly used in curing fever anxiety stress and diarrhea due to its medical importance. unrepented may cause the health hazard.
Persimmons are native of date plums to for east region as China Korea Japan and the Himalayan region. Its native species are also found in western Asia like Pakistan Afghanistan eastern Europe and in Mediterranean region, Turkey, Greece, and banks of the black sea are the fertile lands for cultivation of date plum. It grew abundantly in these regions and these regions are also known as footprints of date plum.
Because of the popularity of in the world this fruit, it is also grown in India and the West Bengal is fertile land for date plum.to ward off evil spirits and evil at bay branches of this tree was used and considered the magical power of the branch.
Its ripening season is from January through February and spring season. It can be grown 600 m above sea level. In the chilly Himalayan region, they grow in the thick woody forest at an elevation of 2500 to 6000 feet it grows in deep soil and within the light shade of sun in the dry warm and sheltered places it grows best because it has a low tolerance of wetlands.
These fruits don’t depend on pollination, so also the known as off spring of dioecious seed. And because of male and female parts in the same plant. method of germination is the common propagating method of date plum seedling are germinating in the soil and required six months to bud from the soil. This method is applying during the early days of the year when the temperature is 15 centigrade. In short, the date plum is not very common but have a significant role in history and our daily life.