List of Crops of Pakistan and their Agronomic Use

The following table presents list of common crops of Pakistan, along with their botanical names, agronomic use and sowing season.

Sr. no. Vernacular name Botanical name Family Agronomic use Sowing season
A.      CEREAL CROPS
1. Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat Triticum aestivum Poaceae Cereals Rabi
2. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
3. Dhaan / Rice / Paddy Oryza sativa Poaceae Cereals Kharif
4. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Bajra / Pearl Millet Pennisetum typhoides Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif
B.      FOOD LEGUMES
1. Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
2. Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
3. Field pea Pisum sativum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
4. Masur / Lentil Lens culnaris Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
5. Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram Vigna radiata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
6. Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram Vigna mungo Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
7. Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar Cajanus cajan Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
8. Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
9. Rawan / Cowpea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
C.      OILSEED CROPS
1. Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica campestris Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
2. Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
3. Raya / Indian Mustard Brassica juncea Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
4. Taramera / Mustard Eruca sativa Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
5. Canola / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
6. Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts Arachis hypogea Fabaceae Oilseeds Kharif
7. Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower Helianthus annus Compositae Oilseeds Rabi
8. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
9. Zeatoon / Olive Olera europeae Oleaceae Oilseeds  
10. Kala Til / Niger Guizotia abyssinica Compositae Oilseeds Kharif
11. Sufaid Til / Sesame Sesamum indicum Pedaliacea Oilseeds Kharif
12. Alsi / Linseed Linum ustitatissimum Linaceae Oilseeds Rabi
13. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
14. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
D.      FIBER CROPS
1. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
2. Patsun / Jute Corchorus capsularis / C. olitorius Tilliaceae Fibre Kharif
E.       SUGAR CROPS
1. Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum Poaceae Sugar Perennial
2. Chuqandar / Sugarbeet Beta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae Sugar Rabi
F.       FORAGE CROPS
1. Berseem / Egyptian Clover Trifolium alexanderinum Fabaceae Fodder / Green Manure Rabi
2. Shaftal / Persian Clover Trifolium resupinatum Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
3. Lucern / Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
4. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Jai / Oat Avena sativa Poaceae Fodder / Cereals Rabi
7. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
8. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
9. Kangani     Fodder  
10. Haloon     Fodder  
11. Cheena     Fodder  
12. Jantar     Fodder  
13. Mott. Grass     Fodder  

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