Produce or Perish! Water crisis: Pakistan running dry by 2025, says study
Elections, Terrorism, celebrity controversies, media, movies, football and cricket wins are what rule Pakistan’s headlines but beneath all the commotion the country is battling a severe problem – a massive water crisis in future, no water no food no life.
Water shortage is one of the main thread to Pakistan agriculture in future, our water resource decline day by day and still we fail to develop new water reservoir while food demands increased day by day because the population of the country constantly increased. The second thread to our agriculture is the expansion of urban area that shrinks the cultivated area of the country and lasts but not the least thread is soil fertility problems like water logging, salinity, erosion etc decrease cultivation area.
In the future, we need more food to feed our population but we have less water and less fertile soil available for cultivation. We have two options
- Import vegetables from other countries for our daily use
- Produce vegetables for our daily use
Import vegetables is an easy way for us, during past few years we have the example of importing from India. Importing is a good solution only for a limited time because when we totally depend on other countries for our daily vegetable requirement we have no option to spend money on importing oil, medicines, engineering etc. mean we will spend only for our survival. The second option is produced our own veggies using less amount of water and land, this is a hard job need sincere and constant working. Sorry to say, now we are as a nation not like to work hard or think about the future even we do not agree to think about the future.
Hydroponics cultivation is the production of vegetables and herbs using water in the soilless medium. Hydroponics farming save 40 to 70 percent water as compare to soil cultivation, water saving depends on hydroponics system used for cultivation. This the only way to produce vegetables accordingly our daily requirements using less amount of water and soil even produced in deserts or barren lands or on the roof of buildings.
In the history of Pakistan first hydroponics farm in Pakistan was established by Tahir Rana in Faisalabad, he is a nuclear physicist who gave up a job in Canada to set up a vegetable farm. He earns a good profit two years but fails to run farm longterm. The question is why he stops working while earning the premium profit. The second farm is developed in Islamabad managed by Arid Agriculture University and the third successful farm is running in Abbottabad named Abbottabad Hydroponics. Some other small hydroponics farms working in Punjab, KPK, and Sindh.
Lt Cdr (retd) CV Prakash CEO of The Institute of Simplified Hydroponics, Bangalore India he has presented in his presentaion (March 2010) that “Has government support in many developed countries. India is yet to wake up to this reality. Even neighbor Pakistan has adopted Hydroponics cultivation with major government support.” ( Download Presentation: www.petbharoproject.co.in/downloads/Commercial-Hydroponics-%20Is-It-Viable.ppt). India government and peoples wakeup and start working on hydroponics but we sleep after starting working on hydroponics.
If we think this is our big achievement, sorry to say this is nothing: our neighbor country start working after Pakistan but now we are moving like a turtle but they are working like a rocket. The question is simple: We are pioneer in hydroponics technology in south Asia but why now India is far advance in hydroponics and we are practically nothing? It’s better to ask this question to yourself, your researchers, your research institutes, your universities, your media and your government?
Author: Asad Manzoor