Production of Grapes in paksitan

Production technology of grapes

Introduction

Urdu Name Angoor

English Name Grapes

Botanical Name : Vitis vinifera cultivars

Plant Type: Deciduous

Growth Habit: Upright, requires support

Growth Rate: Fast

Its crop require long, heat, dry summers and cool winters for easiest development, required temprature is 15 to 42 centigrad

Selection of soil

Gravelly sands to heavy clays, from shallow to deep . However,poorly or mild tired or extremely alkaline soils will have to be have shyed away from.

PROPAGATION

Grapes Prouning to cuttings

In iciness prouning of grapes season has staered. We can made the chopping of this grapes wain. One-year outdated wood will have to be pruned and made the cutting

Cutting step are given bellow

First of all when cutting season has began Grapes wain remove put in water tank for 2 to a few houres (for this purpes the skin of wine remains save another way wines can dry particularly damegs of node)
During winter season when wines are pruned chopping size shuld be 30 -40 cm long . A reducing should be spherical cut at proximal finish (root side) and a slanting cut on the distal finish (shoot aspect) . vine age shuld be three hundred and sixty five days for reducing. Thickness Cuttin of grapes wine like determine to thumb
3.These cuttings are bundled. There are 50 to 70 cuttings in a single package. These chopping bundles have installed fertile soil for two to a few weaks. After that cultivate it in the black polythen bages.

Others strategies of propagation are layering and grafting. But slicing propegation methed is seccessfull than layering and grafting.

Meathod of plating

Whole measurement = Length 1.five toes to 2feet

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=wedth 1.5feet

After dig the whole left it for 4 to six days for the passing of daylight

After 6 days sprouting grapes can transplnt. Fill this entire 1:1:1 FYM, sand, complete soil respectvally and irrigate it

Mostly graps are cultivate in early spring season

Row to Row distance = nine toes

Plant to Plant distance = 8 ft

No of plant in keeping with acre = 260 to 435

Fertilizers

In business orchards of grapes five kg of FYM consistent with plants for excellent manufacturing and Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium fertilizer should be applied all the way through iciness or early spring to maintain the plants.

Irrigation

Irrigation during flowering and ripening is not advised as it will extend ripening, reduces berry dimension and increases shedding. Recmanded water 2 time every week in summer, in wintry weather one time per week.

Culturel practices

Weed control

Weed control via manually, chamically, machanically

Training and Pruning

Pruning provides the vines correct shape and a dimension which facilitates insect and illness keep watch over.

Method of coaching , pruning given bellow

1.Head System(major stem is skilled immediately upward) this system is doing seccessfully in pakistan.
2. Cane System(4-6 fruit trunks are raised)
3. Cordon System (main trunk is two.5 – 3.five m long and educated horizontally)

Varities in pakistan

Important varities of grapes are given below.

These 10 varities of grapes can develop mostly all pakistan area excluding balochistan.

a Variety Of kinds of grapes are grown Balochistan given bellow

The most renowned are, Haita,Kishmishi. Shundokhani, Sahibi and Shekhali are often grown well-liked business types in Quetta, Pishin,Killa Abdullah, Mastung, Kalat, Loralai and Zhob districts.

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Potohar region

In Potohar area was once one of the most decided on areas where scientists recommended sorts like ‘flame seedless’, King’s Ruby’, Perlett and NARC black.

Insects Pest And Diseases:

The grape leaf hopper: It is the typical insect pest feed on the vines from the time leaves apear within the spring until they drop in the fall. Spray of pesticide

Powdery mildew is a fungul disease prevalent on grapes. Any portion of plant comparable to leaves, blossom, fruit and younger shoots could also be affected. White patches look could also be famous on leaves young shoots; blossom fail to set fruit. Control fungicid spray as metalyxal and mencozeb 100gm in 50 liter water

Root knot caused by a gall-forming nematode might develop into a problem in sandy and sandy loam soil, resulting in adecline in vine vigor and aid in yields To control it use resistant rootstocks and fumigate the soil.

 Analysis Of Grapes Orchard Per Acre input

Sr noAtom nameCost of atomTotal Atom  Total input
1No of plants50 Rs per plant400×5020000
2No of road300 per150×40056000
3Iron cable180 per kg80 Kg ×18014400
4Laboring220000×240000
5watring5000Rs5000Rs5000Rs
6spraying2500Rs2500Rs2500Rs
7fertilizer4000Rs4000Rs4000Rs
8total106300

Analysis Of Grapes Orchard Per Acre out put

Mature grapes prodectionTotal grapes plantTotal weight in kgCost per kg  Total
15to20kg per plant400×20400×15800060008000×1006000×100800000max600000mni

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Varieties of Grapes in Pakistan

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