Rabi and Kharif Crops

Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. Following is the brief list of rabi and kharif crop of Pakistan.

S/N Vernacular name Botanical name Family Agronomic use Sowing season
A.      CEREAL CROPS
1. Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat Triticum aestivum Poaceae Cereals Rabi
2. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
3. Dhaan / Rice / Paddy Oryza sativa Poaceae Cereals Kharif
4. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Bajra / Pearl Millet Pennisetum typhoides Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif
B.      FOOD LEGUMES
1. Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
2. Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram Cicer arietinum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
3. Field pea Pisum sativum Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
4. Masur / Lentil Lens culnaris Fabaceae Pulses Rabi
5. Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram Vigna radiata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
6. Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram Vigna mungo Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
7. Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar Cajanus cajan Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
8. Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
9. Rawan / Cowpea Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Pulses Kharif
C.      OILSEED CROPS
1. Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica campestris Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
2. Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
3. Raya / Indian Mustard Brassica juncea Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
4. Taramera / Mustard Eruca sativa Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
5. Canola / Rapeseed Brassica napus Cruiferae Oilseeds Rabi
6. Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts Arachis hypogea Fabaceae Oilseeds Kharif
7. Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower Helianthus annus Compositae Oilseeds Rabi
8. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
9. Zeatoon / Olive Olera europeae Oleaceae Oilseeds
10. Kala Til / Niger Guizotia abyssinica Compositae Oilseeds Kharif
11. Sufaid Til / Sesame Sesamum indicum Pedaliacea Oilseeds Kharif
12. Alsi / Linseed Linum ustitatissimum Linaceae Oilseeds Rabi
13. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
14. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
D.      FIBER CROPS
1. Kappas / Cotton Gossypium arboretum & G. hirsutum Malvaceae Oilseeds  / Fiber Kharif
2. Patsun / Jute Corchorus capsularis / C. olitorius Tilliaceae Fibre Kharif
E.       SUGAR CROPS
1. Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum Poaceae Sugar Perennial
2. Chuqandar / Sugarbeet Beta vulgaris Chenopodiaceae Sugar Rabi
F.       FORAGE CROPS
1. Berseem / Egyptian Clover Trifolium alexanderinum Fabaceae Fodder / Green Manure Rabi
2. Shaftal / Persian Clover Trifolium resupinatum Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
3. Lucern / Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fabaceae Fodder Rabi
4. Guar / Cluster bean Cyamopsis tetragonolba Fabaceae Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
5. Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Cereals / Fodder Kharif (Grain purpose)

Rabi (Fodder purpose)

6. Jai / Oat Avena sativa Poaceae Fodder / Cereals Rabi
7. Makkai / Corn / Maize Zea mays Poaceae Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds Kharif
8. Juo / Barley Hordeum vulgare Poaceae Cereals/ Fodder Rabi
9. Kangani Fodder
10. Haloon Fodder
11. Cheena Fodder
12. Jantar Fodder
13. Mott. Grass Fodder

#rabi and kharif crop

#rabi crops

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