Seeds germination guide

Name Month Requirements Days for Germination Special Instruction
Antirrhinum Winter Cover the planting tray or pot with plastic (or a dome) to preserve moisture and then place it in a location with temperatures between 16 to 22 degrees celsius and bright, avoid overhead watering 10-20 days For best results, sow in compost and water from below. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Bitter Gourd Winter Sow seeds 2 cm deep. Seeds can be sown directly into the ground or in the containers, Seeds require the temperature above 70 F (20 C) for germination. 21-28 days Soaking seeds for 24 hours in water before sowing. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Brinjal (Long) F-1 Winter Eggplant seeds germinate at temps between 60-95 degrees F. (15-35 C.), eggplant seeds are tiny, sow the seeds about ¼-inch deep with good quality potting soil in flats or cell containers. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination  7 to 14 days Area to germinate them that is quite warm, 80-90 F. (26-32 C). Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Broccoli F-1 Winter Temperature required for germination is 7 C – 29.5 C. The general rule of thumb for planting seeds is to plant them twice as deep as the seed is wide. Broccoli seeds are pretty tiny, so plant them only about 1/8″ – 1/4″ deep. 7 to 14 days Water your seedling trays from the bottom so you won’t disturb the soil. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Bunching Onions Oct-Nov Sow thinly and cover with ¼ inch of seed starting formula. Keep moist and maintain a temperature of about 60-65 degrees F or 15.5 – 18.5 C 7 to 14 days Soil temperature affects the rate of germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cabbage   Cabbage seed germinates best when exposed to a constant temperature of 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18.33-21C) 7 to 14 days Cooler temperatures slow the germination process, while warmer temperatures speed it up. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Calendula Winter Maintain darkness and a soil temperature of 21°C (70°F), Calendula grows easily in any regular garden soil, and thrives in a pH range of 5.5-7.0. avoid overhead watering 7 to 14 days Plant seeds about 1/4 to 1/2 inch (.64 to 1.27 cm) deep and 4 to 6 (10.16 to 15.24 cm) apart. Cover them lightly with about 1/4 inch (.64 cm) of garden soil. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Callistephus chinensis Winter Germination temperature required 68-70 °F (20-21 °C), cover seed lightly with vermiculite after sowing. To prevent premature flowering, keep plants vegetative with a four hour night interruption 10 to 12 days Grow at 12-15 °C. Callistephus do not grow temperatures below 8 °C and do not tolerate frost. The lower the temperature, the better the plant habit but onset of flowering will be a little delayed. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Candytuft Umbellata Winter Requires a warm area to germinate — a temperature range of 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenhe (18 – 21 C) it is ideal. 16 to 20 days Cover the seed-raising container with a piece of plastic wrap to maintain a steady humidity level. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Capsicum Winter Pepper seeds require a temperature range between 65 (18C) and 95 (35 C)degrees Fahrenheit. The optimum temperature for germination is 85 (29 C) degrees Fahrenheit. 8 to 16 days They prefer a temperature of around 20 to 25°C before they will break dormancy of the seeds and maximum seeds will germinate. Cover the planting tray or pot with plastic  to preserve moisture
Carnation Chabaud Winter Seeds can be sowed, 1/8 inch deep in a well-drained mix.Space seeds 12″ apart. Make sure the compost is moist but not wet. Firm soil over seed and mist spray occasionally and keep it moist. 7 to 14 days Water until the soil is most and then wrap the container in a clear plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Carrot Winter Optimal soil temperature: 7-30°C (45-85°F). Carrot seeds are tiny, they need to be sown shallowly. The trick is to keep the top-most layer of soil damp during the long germination period. Water deeply prior to planting. Direct sow the tiny seeds 5mm (¼”) deep, 4 seeds per 2cm (1″), and firm soil lightly after seeding. 14 to 21 days Make sure the seeds are only just buried. Water the area with the gentlest stream you can provide, and keep it constantly moist until the seeds sprout. Ideal pH: 6.0-6.8. The softer and more humus-based the soil, the better. When soil is dry enough in spring, work it to a fine texture. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cauliflower Winter Cauliflower grows best at around 60 F. (15 C.) 8 to 10 days remove the plastic after germination and keep the soil evenly moist. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Celery Winter Celery seeds germinate best at 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit or 21 – 24 C during the day and 60 F or 15.5 Cdegrees at night. 14 to 21 days Celery seeds need consistent light waterings during germination and early emergence to keep the growing environment consistently moist. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cherry Tomato or Tomato Winter Best to keep temperature range 70 to 80F (21 to 27C). The lower the temperature the slower the germination. 5 to 10 days After seedlings, they will need to be moved into a good light .Light is not adequate,  get long, leggy stems shooting up which is not good.Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Chillies Dec-Jan Sow Chilli pepper seeds on the surface of a moist, free-draining, seed compost and cover with a fine sprinkling of compost or vermiculite. Place seed trays in a propagator at a temperature of 18-25C (64-77F) 7 to 10 days Use polythene to cover your seed trays. Chilli seeds need 20°C to germinate, and it should be 30°C or more for the fruit to ripen. Night temperatures should not drop below 15°C. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cockscomb Celosia Winter Soil temperature of at least 64 degrees Fahrenhe 17.7 C it is required for cockscomb seed germination. 14 to 21 days Keep germinating media moist by watering from the bottom by setting trays or pots in shallow water until moisture glistens on top. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Coreopsis grandiflora Winter Temperature required for germination is 68 to 72°F (20 to 22°C). 14 to 28 days Do not cover the seed but press into the soil, Keep seeds moist until germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cornflower Winter Temperature required for germinatin is 60 to 70 F (15.5 – 21.1C) 10 to 21 days Sow seeds about 1/2 inch deep in any good garden soil. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cosmos bipinnatus Winter Maintaining a soil temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18.33C) encourages quick and even germination 14 to 21 days Cosmos require moisture and warmth to sprout. keeping the pots covered with a plastic bag conserves the soil moisture. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Cucumber Winter Germination temperature: 60 F to 90 F – Do not plant until soil reaches 65 F. May germinate in 3 days at 80 F to 90 F. 3 to 10 days Cucumbers are very sensitive to cold. They need warm soil and air, whether direct-seeded or transplanted.
Dahlia Hybrid Tall Mix Winter Moisten the medium and keep moderately damp, moving the flats to a warm location of at least 70 degrees F. (21 C.). 7 to 14 days Water until the soil is most and then wrap the container in a clear plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Dianthus barbatus Winter Temperature required for germination is 68F or 20 C 7 to 14 days Seeds must be covered thinly, Keep seeds moist until germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Dianthus Chinensis Winter Temperature required for germination is 68F or 20 C 7 to 14 days Seeds must be covered thinly, Keep seeds moist until germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Dill May-Aug  Optimal soil temperature for germination: 15-21°C (60-70°F). 10 to 21 days Dill seeds need some light to germinate. Sow seeds no more than 5mm (¼”) deep in rows 45cm (18″) apart. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Egg Plant (Round) F-1 Winter Eggplant seeds germinate at temps between 60-95 degrees F. (15-35 C.), eggplant seeds are tiny, sow the seeds about ¼-inch deep with good quality potting soil in flats or cell containers. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination  7 to 14 days Area to germinate them that is quite warm, 80-90 F. (26-32 C). Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Fenugreek Summer It’s grows well in warm and hot climate,  from 50 to 90 F (10 C to 32 C). 5 to 8 days Sow seeds ¼ inches deep in a good potting mix or soil. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
French Marigold Nov-Dec Marigold seeds can germinate in light and darkness as long as they’re exposed to a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit or 21 Celsius. 7 to 12 days Sprinkle the seeds on top of the medium and sow them at a depth that equals two to four times the diameter of the seeds. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Gerbera Winter Keep the seeds moist, but not waterlogged, and above 70° F, with eight hours or more of bright light per day. 14 to 21 days to cover the trays with a clear plastic tent and place them indoors in a bright window or under grow lights. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Guwar Bean   25°C  is optimal temperature for seed germination 7 to 12 days to cover the trays with a clear plastic to maintain moisture. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Lavender Winter The optimum temperature for lavender seed germination is 80 degrees Fahrenheit/ 26.66 °C, and the minimum temperature is 40 degrees Fahrenheit or 5°C. 14 to 28 days Spring time sowing, the practical soil temperature for lavender seed germination is 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit 10 °C -15.55 °C. and light required for seeds germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Lemon Balm Winter Temperature required for germination is 65–70°F (18–21°C). 7 to 14 days Seeds require light to germinate, and mist lightly.  Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Lettuce Green Winter The soil temperature is 35 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal soil temperature for germination though, is 70 to 75 °F or 21 to 24 °C. 7 to 14 days to cover the trays with a clear plastic to maintain moisture and maintain temperature between 21 to 24 °C. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Lettuce Ice Berg Winter The soil temperature is 35 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal soil temperature for germination though, is 70 to 75 °F or 21 to 24 °C. 7 to 14 days to cover the trays with a clear plastic to maintain moisture and maintain temperature between 21 to 24 °C. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Long Cucumber (Kakri) Winter Germination temperature: 60 F to 90 F – Do not plant until soil reaches 65 F. May germinate in 3 days at 80 F to 90 F. 3 to 10 days Cucumbers are very sensitive to cold. They need warm soil and air, whether direct-seeded or transplanted. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Lupinus Winter Cover the seeds with 1/8 inch of soil and sprinkle water over the planting area. Keep the soil moist throughout the germination process. It takes 15 to 75 days for lupine sprouts to appear when the soil is 55 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit or 12.77 °C to 21.8 °C. 15 to 70 days Germination is greatly increased by a 7-day cold treatment or soak them in warm water for a 24-hour period. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Mellon Winter Sow 2–3 seeds, ¼-inch deep, the optimum temperature for seeds germination is 80–90°F/27–32°C 7 to 14 days It’s very sensitive to cold. They need warm soil and air, whether direct-seeded or transplanted.Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Okra (Lady Finger) Winter You can plant okra in the garden when the soil has warmed to 65° to 70°F or 18.33 °C to 22°C. Plant okra in fertile, well-drained soil in full light about ½ to 1 inch deep and 12 to 18 inches apart. 7 to 14 days Water with a sprayer and keep the seeds in a bright, warm place, the substrate should remain moist until seeds germinate. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Onion Seeds Winter Sow thinly and cover with ¼ inch of seed starting formula. Keep moist and maintain a temperature of about 60-65 degrees F or 15.5 – 18.5 C 7 to 14 days Soil temperature affects the rate of germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Oregano Winter Plant the oregano seeds at depth of about 1/4 inch, in moist, sterile potting soil. Optimum tempertaure for seed germination is 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit or 18.5°C to 24 °C. 7 to 14 days Cover the seed-raising container with a piece of plastic wrap to maintain a steady humidity level and dark for seedlings. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Orychophragmus violaca Winter Optimum temperature required for germination is 70 F 21 °C (Seeds having low germination rate 45% Germination, 3-15d) 7 to 14 days Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours. sow seed 1/16″ deep, tamp the soil, keep moist. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Pansy Swiss Giants Winter Temperature required for seeds germination is 65 F (18.3 °C) to 70 F (21.1°C). Cover seed lightly with peat moss or organic compost 14 to 21 days Keep seeds moist until germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Parsley Winter Germination temperature range from 50 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit (10 °C to 29.5°C) . Parsley seeds germinate poorly, if at all, below 40 degrees or above 90 degrees. The optimum temperature for germination is 40 degrees. 10 to 25 days Soak them in water for 12-24 hours. Parsley seeds should be in a bright, sunny room so they get plenty of light. Keep seeds moist until germination. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Phlox Paniculata Winter The best temperature for germination is 65 degrees F/ 18.3 °C. Moisten the top layer of soil with warm water. Use a spray bottle to moisten the soil — this will keep the seeds intact and won’t rinse them away. 7 to 14 days Cover the container with a clear plastic bag to help the soil retain moisture. Seal the bag with an elastic band and Place the container in a dark. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Portulaca grandiflora Winter Set pots or pellets in a sunny window where the temperature is consistently between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (18.3 °C-29.5°C) or use a heating mat set between 70 and 85 F (21°C – 29.5 °C). 10 to 14 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Rosemary Winter To germinate, the seeds must be kept moist and the temperature must be kept constant at 27-32°C (80-90°F).Once germinated, rosemary is highly prone to damping off, so keep watering to a minimum, provide bright light, and ventilation 15 to 25 days Covering the seed tray with plastic wrap can help keep the seed moist. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. If growing rosemary in containers, provide monthly feedings of liquid fertilizer.
Salvia Farinacea Winter The best temperature required for germination is 68 F (20°C) to 75 F (24°C). Light required during germination so only lightly cover seeds after placing on growing media 10 to 30 days Do not cover the seed but press into the soil. Keep seeds moist until germination. If growing rosemary in containers, provide monthly feedings of liquid fertilizer.
Spearmint Winter The best optimum tempertaure for seeds germination is 60 F (15.55°C) to 70 F (21°C) and light required for germination. 14 to 21 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Squash Winter The best optimum tempertaure for seeds germination is 70 F (21°C) to 75 F (24°C) and no light required for germination. 10 to 15 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Statice Winter The best optimum tempertaure for seeds germination is 68 F (20°C) to 75 F (24°C) and  light required for germination. 10 to 21 days Cover seed lightly with peat moss or organic compost. Keep slightly moist but not wet until germination
Stock Winter The best optimum tempertaure for seeds germination is 70 F (21°C) and Lightly cover seed 1/8 inch 14 to 28 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Sweet Sultan Jolly Joker Winter Seeds placed at a depth of 1/4” under topsoil. The best in temperatures of at least 70 °F or 21 °C.  7 to 14 days Sweet Sultan seeds should be stratified prior to sowing. This can be achieved by placing the packet of seeds in the fridge for about 1 week. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you.
Tagetes erecta Winter The optimum temperature for seeds germination is 70 – 75F (21°C – 24 °C). Press seed into soil and lightly cover 5 to 20 says Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Thai Basil Winter The optimum temperature for seeds germination is 60F (15.5 °C). Press seed into soil and lightly cover. Ligh required suring germination. 7 to 14 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Thyme Winter The optimum temperature for seeds germination is 70 – 75F (21°C – 24 °C). Press seed onto surface of soil, do not cover seed. Ligh required during seed germination. 21 to 28 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Verbena Winter Well-draining soil, moisture and total darkness. The optimum temperature for seeds germination is 70 F (21 °C ).  Dark environment required for germination. 20 to 28 days dust some soil over the seeds or cover the flat with black plastic. Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Water Melon Winter Warm ground for seeds to germinate and grow. Soil should be 70 degrees F (21°C) or warmer at planting time. 7 to 14 days Avoid seeds from sokaing before germination.  Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Wild Rocket Salad Winter Optimum temperature required for germination is 45 F or 8 °C  to 70 F or 21  °C .  Press seed into soil and lightly cover. Ligh required suring germination. 5 to 15 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep moist until germination plese note only moist not wet.
Zinnia Winter Well-draining soil, moisture and total darkness. The optimum temperature for seeds germination is 75 F (23.8 °C ). Cover seed lightly with peat moss or compost no need of light during germination 7 to 14 days Do not allow the seeds to dry out or they will not germinate for you. Keep soil slightly moist but not wet until germination

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