Introduction Organic farming in Europe has seen a dynamic development over the past few years. From 1993 to 1999 the area under organic management more…
Minimum mechanical soil disturbance
(i.e. no tillage) through direct seed and/or fertilizer placement.
Permanent soil organic cover
(at least 30 percent) with crop residues and/or cover crops.
through varied crop sequences and associations involving at least three different crops.