Xeriscape Gardening – Planning for a Water Wise Garden

Xeriscape Gardening – Planning for a Water Wise Garden

Xeriscaping used to be a time period coined back within the 1970s in Denver, CO, to mean water-wise or water-efficient landscaping. The time period xeriscape is derived from the Greek phrase xeros, which means that dry. Don’t let that lie to you into pondering we’re talking about deserts and cactus or even a drought-plagued, barren panorama. Xeriscaping is a method of gardening that involves choosing vegetation which might be appropriate to their site and making a panorama that may be maintained with little supplemental watering.


Xeriscaping is not a style or category of garden design. It is mainly some commonplace sense guides to gardening in solidarity together with your website online and can in reality be applied to any type of lawn design.

Why is Xeriscaping Important?

The obvious solution is that we simplest have a finite quantity of water and a few years even lower than others. By grouping vegetation by way of their water needs, using mulch and choosing drought-tolerant vegetation, you are going to be preserving on water utilization.

Xeriscaping is a method of gardening that involves choosing vegetation which might be appropriate to their site and making a panorama that may be maintained with little supplemental watering.

What is Xeriscaping?

You will also have healthier gardens and landscapes and no more need to use fertilizers and pesticides. Consider that everything you do in your yard and lawn will ultimately impact your water supply and from there, any close by our bodies of water. We listen so much about pollution from trade and factories. These are thought to be “point sources”. Homeowners and individuals are thought to be “nonpoint” resources of air pollution. While you may not suppose the fertilizer and insect spray you employ in your crops is over the top, the mixed runoff from all folks “nonpoint sources” is substantial.

By applying those simple techniques you’re going to be preserving water and be bettering native water quality – all whilst nonetheless having a beautiful garden.

READ:  4 ways we can avoid a catastrophic drought

The Seven Principles of Xeriscaping

Planning and Design – Having a water-wise lawn takes planning. Instead of taking into account aesthetics first, take a look at your garden’s topography, publicity, and soil. Don’t attempt to fight your website. Create planting zones and workforce your plants through their needs. For example, team difficult, drought tolerant vegetation in areas exposed to complete day sun, give less tolerant vegetation some partial coloration and keep the more delicate or not easy plants for a spot close to your water supply.

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Choose Appropriate Plant Material

You may make a choice to incorporate a few crops that can want to be coddled, but for essentially the most section, settling on plants that thrive in your house all over low water conditions will give you the best effects. This incessantly comprises local crops that we so ceaselessly take for granted. The selection of vegetation will vary by way of area, even within a unmarried yard. You may also be surprised to look how many vegetation are considered xeric, as soon as they have got established themselves and when correctly cared for.

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Soil Improvement

The outdated adage that in case you care for the soil, the soil will handle the vegetation, could be very true right here. The key, as at all times, is incorporating beneficiant quantities of natural matter. This will strengthen water penetration and retention in any form of soil. Rich, free, water maintaining soil will inspire just right root building and lessen the plant’s need for supplemental water. It is best to amend your soil sooner than planting and to steadily use natural mulch, as discussed in Step 4.


Mulching is a naturally happening process, however as gardeners, we have a tendency to want things tidy and we rake away the entire leaves and debris that coat and decay into the soil. Instead of using free and leaf mulch, we bring in what we consider extra aesthetically fulfilling mulch, similar to shredded bark and compost. As long as it is some type of organic topic, mulch is a handy gizmo in a water-wise garden. It moderates soil temperature, holds moisture, slows erosion and suppresses weeds that might compete along with your crops for meals and water. It also progressively decomposes and feeds the soil. Apply about 4 inches of mulch on the initial planting and take a look at it each and every season to look if it needs to be replenished.

READ:  What is organic gardening?

Practical and Appropriate Turf Grass Areas

Choose an appropriate grass seed for the lawn’s exposure. Different seeds do well in different regions. Kentucky Bluegrass is beautiful, but it can also be a water hog where it’s not happy.

Most of us still want some areas of lawn in our landscape and many of us want way too much lawn. Think about how much water, fertilizer, and gasoline it takes to keep your lawn green throughout the summer. Where to place the lawn should be part of your initial design plan, as well as what you plan to use your lawn for. Choose an appropriate grass seed for the lawn’s exposure. Different seeds do well in different regions. Kentucky Bluegrass is beautiful, but it can also be a water hog where it’s not happy. You might want to consider options other than grass. There are ground covers that would be less labor and water intensive.

Efficient Watering

Not all plants need the same amount of water and those needs may change with the seasons. If you’ve followed the steps above, you have your plants grouped by their water needs, including your lawn, and can water only where it’s needed.

Drip irrigation systems are often recommended for efficient watering. These systems allow you to control when and how much water a plant gets and to direct the water only to the plants that need it.

Base your watering schedule on the needs of the plants and not on an arbitrary schedule. All plants will require more supplemental watering for the first year or two that they are becoming established. However after they have acclimated and developed a good root system, supplemental watering should become much less frequent.

Appropriate Maintenance

Yes, even a xeriscape garden will require some maintenance. Watering, weeding, pruning, deadheading and sensible pest management will all factor into the quality of your garden.

Drought Tolerant Plants for Gardens

Many plants will continue to grow just fine in drought conditions if they have been selected wisely and were allowed to establish themselves before being stressed by drought. No plant will survive forever without some water and different plants will thrive in different regions and conditions, but here is a list of great garden plants to get you started.

Achillea (Yarrow)



Asclepias (Butterfly Weed)


California Poppy

Campanula carpatica (Bellflower)



Cranesbill Geranium


Echinacea Coneflower




Greek oregano




Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker)

Lamb’s Ears




Nepeta (Catmint)


Perovskia (Russian Sage)


Rudbeckia (Black-eyed Susan)

Salvia nemerosa


Tradescantia (Spiderwort)




Feather Reed Grass (Calamagrostis acutiflora)


Fountain Grass (Pennisetum)

Maiden Grass (Miscanthus)

Switch Grass (Panicum)


Amelanchier (Shadbush)

Aronia (Chokeberry)

Buddleia (Butterfly Bush)

 Caryopteris (Blue Mist Shrub)


Hypericum (St. Johnswort)



Cytisus (Scotch Broom)


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