Moringa oleifera is probably the most broadly cultivated species in the genus Moringa, the only genus in the plant family Moringaceae. Common names include moringa, drumstick tree, from the lengthy, slim, triangular seed-pods), horseradish tree, (from the taste of the roots, which resembles horseradish), and ben oil tree or benzoil tree, (from the oil which is derived from the seeds).
M. oleifera is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree, local to tropical and subtropical regions of South Asia. It is widely cultivated for its young seed pods and leaves used as greens and for normal herbal medicine. It may be used for water purification. M. oleifera is regarded as to be an competitive invasive species .M. oleifera is a fast-growing, deciduous treehat can succeed in a top of 10–12 m (32–40 ft) and trunk diameter of 45 cm (1.5 toes). The bark has a whitish-grey color and is surrounded via thick cork. Young shoots have purplish or greenish-white, bushy bark. The tree has an open crown of drooping, fragile branches and the leaves building up a feathery foliage of tripinnate leaves.
The vegetation are fragrant and hermaphroditic, surrounded through five unequal, thinly veined, yellowish-white petals. The plants are about 1.zero–1.5 cm (1\/2″) lengthy and 2.0 cm (3/4″) broad. They grow on slim, hairy stalks in spreading or drooping flower clusters that have a period of 10–25 cm. Flowering starts inside the first six months after planting. In seasonally cool areas, flowering most effective occurs yearly between April and June. In more consistent seasonal temperatures and with consistent rainfall, flowering can occur two times and even all year-round.
The fruit is a dangling, three-sided brown tablet of 20–45 cm measurement which holds darkish brown, globular seeds with a diameter around 1 cm. The seeds have three whitish papery wings and are dispersed by way of wind and water. In cultivation, it is incessantly reduce once a year to one–2 m (three–6 feet) and allowed to regrow so the pods and leaves stay inside arm’s succeed in.
Chinese: La Ken
Hindi: Segva, Shajna, Soanjna.
Indian Horseradish, Drumstick Tree
Cultivated from Rawalpindi and Eastward, also in Sindh
A fairly large tree with a corky grey bark
Roots are pungent with yellowish soft porous wood
Bark light brown externally, white internally, thick, soft and reticulated.
Leaves 3-pinnate, pinnae and pinnules opposite, deciduous.
Flowers white, fragrant, grows in large puberulous panicles which are produced in abundance twice or thrice a year
Petals spatulas and veined.
Pods about 30 cm long. 9-ribbed.
Seeds three angled.
Flowers, roots, fruits and seeds
Bitter, Sharp and Acrid
Hot 3°, dry 3°
PERIOD OF OCCURRENCE
Flowers from February to April
Fruiting takes place during May to June
PROCEDURE & TIME OF COLLECTION
Flowers are collected on blooming and dried
ACTIONS AND USES IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE
Sore mouth and throat
Increase the flow of bile
IMPORTANT UNANI FORMULATIONS