Lahore: A New find out about analyzing the reasons of smog associated with the agriculture sector with an goal to help government establishments within the building of appropriate policies, motion plans and interventions to alleviate unfavourable results of smog on financial system, health and atmosphere in Punjab was launched in Lahore nowadays. Mr Malik Nauman Ahmed Langrial, Minister for Agriculture, Punjab launched the record. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) beneath its venture R-SMOG (Remote Sensing for Spatio-Temporal Mapping of Smog) has prepared this file upon the request of the Punjab government. This is a first of its sort proof based geospatial analysis which will even give a contribution to findings on emissions and drivers of smog.
The contribution of the agriculture sector to smog in the course of the apply of crop residue burning is very important even though it’s only the third sector via air pollutant emissions. Sectoral emission inventory of Punjab displays that the foremost portion of general air pollutant emissions come from the transport sector which holds 43% percentage, adopted by 25% from business sector and 20% from agriculture.
Satellite data of atmospheric pollution are being extensively used globally within the decision-making and environmental management actions of public, personal sector and non-profit organizations. Minister Langrial highlighted the collaboration between government and FAO and preferred the technical reinforce equipped by means of FAO within the preparation of this file. Welcoming members, Ms. Minà Dowlatchahi, FAO Representative in Pakistan stated: “We remain committed to support government efforts to help devise appropriate strategies and action plans to mitigate the contribution of the agriculture sector to causes of smog particularly in relation to crop residue burning. This report provides insights into the importance of the design and implementation of appropriate climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies and actions. In particular, these should be an integral part of any plan for the revitalization of the Agriculture sector.”
Smog is one of the several varieties of air pollutants that motive harm to human functioning. It is most often a mix of several types of pollution (nitrogen oxides, Sulphur oxides, aerosols, smoke or particulates, etc.) with fog. Certain meteorological and climate stipulations also lend a hand these pollution suspend within the decrease atmosphere as a result of which the pollutants form a dense visual layer of smog. In addition, smog is a transboundary issue that requires regional cooperation. The analysis findings, have been reviewed via the FAO world technical mavens on knowledge with a geographical element, strategies and equipment and validated by way of a big selection of Pakistani experts and establishments. Mr Douglas Muchoney , Head of Geospatial Unit at FAO Rome at the occasion stated “ This ia an important study to help us look at the effect of Smog on human health. We also need to remember the pervasive effects of smog on terrestrial and marine and aquatic life and its overall impact on biodiversity.” Using Satellite primarily based measurements to watch and identify the reasons of higher ranges of Smog, the findings determine the relationship between Smog and the follow of rice residue burning practices by farmers within the rice belt of Punjab. The report is aimed toward coverage and choice makers, and recommends the status quo of smog monitoring and early-warning programs. It also highlights the wish to enhance farmers adopt mechanized farming and undertake local weather good practices to lend a hand increase yields. Pakistan suffered one of the crucial very best demise tolls on the earth from air air pollution in 2015, when in step with UN estimates hundreds misplaced their lives because of the high degree of good debris in the air. This phenomenon engulfs several towns in Punjab province particularly Lahore all over the winter months and has advanced into a public health and economic emergency. FAO is also sporting out water accounting in the Indus Basin the usage of geospatial information and techniques. With more than 30 years of enjoy in building and use of geospatial databases, strategies and tools FAO helps nations implement suitable solutions and assists government efforts to create sustainable meals techniques.