Fig carica L. is an important member of the genus Ficus. It is ordinarily deciduous and frequently referred to as fig.
The not unusual fig is a tree native to southwest Asia and the jap Mediterranean and it is one of the first crops that were cultivated by way of humans. The fig is the most important harvest international for its dry and recent intake. Its common edible section is the fruit which is fleshy, hole, and receptacle . There aren’t any Ficus species native to Hawai’i. F. carica is certainly one of about 60 species of Ficus this is cultivated in Hawai’i. Each Ficus species needs a particular pollinating wasp with a view to reproduce and unfold.
The pollinator wasp for F. carica, Blastophaga psenses (L.), was presented to Hawai’i in 1909. The genus Ficus is made up of about 1,000 species from pan tropical and subtropical origins. Plants in the genus are all woody ranging from timber and shrubs to climbers. The Latin identify carica is known as for the location Caria in Asia Minor which is supposedly the house of the fig. Several varieties of F. carica are grown in Hawai’i, including the Smyrna fig the brown or Turkey fig and the white and golden fig. About 60 species of Ficus were presented to Hawai’i for cultivation and reforestation.
Shrubs or small bushes deciduous to five meter its top. Roots aren’t adventitious. Bark grayish reasonably roughened. Branch shall we pubescent. Leaves: stipules 1-1.2 cm petiole eight-20 cm. Leaf blade obovate nearly orbiculate or ovate palmately 3-five lobed, 15-30 x 15-30 cm base cordate, margins undulate or irregularly dentate apex acute to obtuse surfaces abaxially and adaxially scabrous pubescent basal veins 5 pairs lateral veins irregularly spaced. Syconia solitary, sessile, green, yellow, or red-purple pyriform five-8 cm pubescent peduncle ca. 1 cm subtending bracts ovate 1-2 mm ostiole with three subtending bracts umbonate.
Carica are normally propagated via cuttings. The fruit (syconium or fig) and reproduction systems of species within the genus Ficus are unique. Each species of Ficus has an associated species of agaonid wasp (Hymenoptera: Chalcoidea: Agaonidae). Ficus species can best be pollinated by their related agaonid wasps and in flip the wasps can handiest lay eggs inside their related Ficus fruit. For successful pollination and copy of Ficus species to happen its Beside its fit for human consumption uses the fig fruit has been used in conventional medication as a laxative due to the prime content of sugars and mucilages. The pulp has emollient and ant inflammatory houses. Leaves are regarded as a standard treatment for diabetes in Spain and Southwestern Europe.
In India the plant frequently known as Anjir has been used as chewed leaves to regard jaundice and likewise liver and spleen issues. The latex acquired from leaves has been used topically to regard warts, insect bites and thorn pricks.
Fig is harvested at totally ripened degree Fruit is picked through hand. It is the vital workout to get the wholesome fruit as a result of fruit skin may be very refined and simply damaged via mishandling of fruits. Fig mosaic and fig stem borer are main problems.
Average yield of a fig plant fruit is eight-16 kilo grams But yield depend upon other climatic stipulations and cultivations. An average manufacturing of fig is 25 lots in step with hectare. Shelf life of fig isn’t much it near 2-three but offering therapies it’ll be increased.