Monday, July 22, 2024

How to cultivate rice crop in Pakistan

Season:

The weather is bad for cotton. It usually leads to better paddy production. Therefore, from early June to September, suitable rainfall and air humidity are suitable for improved production of paddy. In September, if the wind does not come, it is safe to harvest. A 40-year rainfall analysis of eight representative places in Punjab has shown that this has happened in some years. In the same year, the rice area has been receiving adequate rainfall while cotton area has less rainfall. Have been doing This has led to huge yields from both crops in the same year. It is evident that if we turn more towards caste truth, then there is a strong possibility that the deteriorating system of rainfall will again be ours.

Bad weather:

In the year when monsoons arrive late or due to low intensity, rainfall and air humidity are low, paddy crop yields less. If the weather is consistently hot and dry in September, not only can bacterial infections and disease like white heads be attacked. On the other hand, pests, especially address-wrapped cindies, can be severe. If the storms hit in September, falling could be very damaging. If the temperature drops to low in October, super-basmati can be a severe attack on the plant hopper.

Types:

The main types of paddy are Basmati 515, Super Basmati 385 Basmati 370, Basmati 2000 Basmati Pak, IRRI-6, Niabari-9, KS282, KS-133, Shaheen Basmati and Basmati 198 etc. Recent types include Basmati 515, KSK 432, KSK-431 and KSK 427 with newer varieties of improved productivity. More than 90% of Punjab’s cultivated areas are being discovered by Kala Shah Kao-based paddy research institute. The following are the characteristics of the main types of Monji.

Basmati 515

This is the latest type of basmati, with a high production capacity (up to 65 min / acre) making excellent coconuts. Attractive, fine and tall rice, tall medium (120 to 130 sims) compared to super basmati but strong in resistance to fall due to the strong stem. Although its pandas are very easy, it does not have to be manually sorted (Tesistant to shattering). The ripening period (140 to 145 days) is the best quality rice to export.

Super Basmati:

Its higher production capacity (up to 65 min per acre), higher capacity for making cucumbers, attractive for export, fine and tall rice, its thousand seeds generally weighs 23 to 27 grams tall medium (115 to 125 centimeters). Strong resistance against, prolonged ripening period (135 to 145 days), although better than old. Yin bakes. But its new rice also bakes better than Basmati 385. The straw is hard, the stem is below the last leaf, so the Wildbor does less damage to it than Basmati 385. Because it is difficult to read, machine cutting is recommended. It is resistant to most pests and diseases. The oil can be attacked by the lettuce crop. Best quality rice for export.

Basmati 385:

Its production capacity is high (65 min), ability to make cucumbers medium, medium-sized rice for export, fine, medium to medium (135 A145 sim) but larger than super, medium resistance to fall, ripening. Periods of medium, straw-soft, stout appearance appear above the last leaf, so its readiness is quite strong against most pests and diseases, and also occurs in the ground. Basmati ripens earlier than 2000.

IRRI- 6:

Its rice is thick. Productive capacity is very high (80min), as rice is exported from Sindh as coarse rice. Tall to medium and small (100 to 110), high resistance to fall, short to ripening duration, soft to straw, most resistant to pests and diseases. In the market, it costs about half the price of super basmati.

KS – 282:

Production capacity is quite high (up to 80 mun / acre), its demand for export is even lower. Rice is medium and thin, medium to medium (105 to 110 sim), with a strong resistance to fall, medium to ripening, mild to soft, most resistant to pests, diseases and falls. This color also rises in the ground. KS rice is IRRI. Better quality rice than 6.

KSK-133:

Its production capacity is higher than that of S. 282. The ideal crop can produce up to one hundred min per acre. It is medium to medium (112 to 117 SIM), medium to strong resistance to fall, medium to ripening period, mild to soft, resistant to most pests and diseases.

Hybrids types:

In Punjab, two varieties are also being cultivated. Although their production capacity is more than Sumon per acre. But depending on the climatic conditions, their yields are good for a year. Medium-sized (118 to 120 cm), and short-lived (90 to 100 days ripening) two varieties of pearl moongi are also introduced. Their grains are thick and attractive. Their trunk is quite strong. Therefore, there is a strong resistance against falling. During ideal conditions, the production of duplicate varieties (eg topaz and guard) will be rewarded. Hight has been recorded more than 120 mund per acre.

The varieties are more delicate than the super basmati. Their food needs are higher than basmati. If the weather conditions are not favorable, they also fail miserably. Their rice is not included in our aromatic heritage. Therefore, their demand in domestic and international markets is low. It is often half the cost of super-basmati. Therefore, these varieties should be cultivated on a limited scale to suit the domestic needs and climate. Their reproductive technology is slightly different from the local fat and basmati and basmati varieties.

Prohibited types:

The banned varieties include Basmati 386, Super Fine, Supra, Kashmera, Malta and Barrow. An Indian variety of bananas has become quite popular among our farmers under the name of kanafat. Although this rice is taller than our super basmati and its price is higher than the super basmati but it does not have any fragrance, the Agriculture Department recommends the super and the basmati instead.

agrinfobank.com.pk Team
agrinfobank.com.pk Teamhttps://agrinfobank.com.pk
agrinfobank.com.pk is a comprehensive online platform dedicated to providing valuable agricultural information and resources in Pakistan. With a focus on promoting sustainable farming practices, enhancing agricultural productivity, and empowering farmers, agrinfobank.com.pk serves as a one-stop hub for all things related to agriculture in Pakistan. Through its user-friendly interface and a vast array of content, the platform aims to connect farmers, researchers, policymakers, and other stakeholders, facilitating knowledge exchange and driving the transformation of the agricultural sector in Pakistan.

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