It is obvious that the agriculture sector is important for an economy to develop. All the developing countries made their way from the agricultural sector’s development and progress. This sector is the backbone of many developing countries and GDP of a country is affected by agriculture very much. The most widely utilized staple food in the world is wheat. Rice stands second in the world after wheat in area and production. Rice is staple food for a huge percentage of population around the world after wheat.
Author: Mehak Munir & Dr. Muhammmad Yaseen
Department of Agriculture Extension, College of Agriculture, UOS, Sargodha
In addition to above-mentioned major crops, there is a huge number of staple food crops and fodder producing crops growing around the world but these are all on a verge of decline in growth due to multiple factors including pests, animal attacks, poor gene quality and spread of plant diseases. To eliminate all these factors modern agriculturists have developed and incorporated a number of technological advancements.
To improve the genetic quality of the crops, nanotechnology is used in agricultural sector. The nanoparticles make sure that pests and diseases are evacuated in time and thus the crops grow healthier. Another technological use is the GPS technology which helps the farmers to perform field mapping, tractor guidance, farm planning and soil sampling etc. One more recent advancement is the development of water and soil sensors which help the farmers to measure the nitrogen and moisture content of the field, henceforth, providing the farmers with ability to make a proper watering and fertilizing schedule.
Agricultural robots are now developed which have cut the labor into half from preparing land to cutting crops. Mini-chromosomal technologies have revolutionized the development of desired quality crop products. Information technology is incorporated in agricultural sector which has helped to develop such applications which are able to give details of market prices, market demands, yield and supply gap to the farmers.
The advancement is evident and still growing by leaps and bounds every going hour. It is for the consumers to choose that which technology they will prefer to adapt.
Besides these advancements we are facing huge disadvantages of these technology and advancements. In recent years the increasing trend of pesticides herbicide and synthetic fertilizer for increasing the production of crops and reducing the crop lose due to pest attack and disease spread.Due to over use of these chemicals human health is affected.
In developed countries the excess use of herbicides and pesticides and and other chemicals have banned now. But developing countries are still using these chemicals excessively.
Developing countries should take steps to adopt organic farming practices for healthy food and feed production strat now and save life of coming generation’s.
In regards of organic farming research institute and educational institutes should play a role to save life’s and increase production to meet the need of food feed and fiber for increasing population of the world.
Few research institute in the world started research on organic farming to increase the production of food feed and fiber through natural ways and remaining should must take action on organic farming and government of every country should promote organic farming on national level and further the provisional government should also take care of those farm.