Rabi and kharif are two main agricultural cropping seasons in India, Pakistan, and other South Asian countries. The crops grown during these seasons are known as rabi and kharif crops, respectively.
Kharif crops, on the other hand, are sown in the monsoon season, between June to July
Rabi crops are sown in winter, between October to December, and harvested in spring, between March to May. These crops include wheat, barley, gram, peas, mustard, and oilseeds such as sesame and linseed. Rabi crops require a cool and dry climate with moderate rainfall, and they are mostly grown in northern India and Pakistan.
Wheat, barley, gram, peas, mustard, and oilseeds such as sesame and linseed
Kharif crops, on the other hand, are sown in the monsoon season, between June to July, and harvested in the autumn season, between September to October. These crops include rice, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, and various types of pulses such as moong, urad, and arhar. Kharif crops require warm and wet climate with high rainfall, and they are mostly grown in southern and eastern India and Pakistan.
Rice, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, and various types of pulses such as moong, urad, and arhar..
The choice of crops to be grown in a particular season depends on various factors such as soil type, availability of water, climate, and market demand. Farmers need to plan their crop choices and cultivation practices based on the characteristics of each season to ensure maximum yield and profitability.
In addition to rabi and kharif crops, some regions also have a third cropping season known as zaid. Zaid crops are grown during the summer months, between March to June, and include fruits and vegetables such as watermelon, cucumber, muskmelon, and bitter gourd.