The growing population and their ever-declining age presents various challenges, with food security constituting a serious issue. As more people require more food, the declining median age, that’s already at 19.7, the youngest within the world, means a smaller percentage of the population are going to be at a productive stage of their lives, hence fewer people are going to be working then mouths will got to be fed.
In terms of food security, local farming plays a key role. But although 70-80% of the local population of the working age are smallholder farmers, agriculture within the region is way from being sufficient, and therefore the continent currently spends quite $35 billion on food imports per annum . Today, agriculture is far and away the foremost important economic sector within the continent, providing work for over 2 thirds of the population, contributing between 30 to 60 percent of GDP, and about 30 percent of the worth of exports in each country.
However, arable land and land under permanent crops occupy only about 6 percent of Africa’s total acreage , and therefore the sector is way from reaching its potential, as farmers depend upon rain for irrigation, heat and moisture cause major losses of crops, and fertilizer may be a distant dream. additionally , Africa has the smallest amount mechanized agricultural system within the world, with African farmers having 10 times fewer mechanized tools per farm area than farmers in other developing regions.
With billions expected to hitch the working-age population within the coming decade, 45% of the world’s total area suitable for sustainable production, and only 2% percent of renewable water resources getting used , Africa has abundant resources for a huge expansion of agricultural production.