Saturday, May 25, 2024

Sugar sources in crop plant (Sugar cane , Sugar beet , Stevia)

Sugarcane

Sugarcane is the source of obtaining the sugar in tropical and subtropical countries. The production of sugar from sugarcane in 1966 and 1967 is 40 to 41 million tons. In Puerto Rice, sugar production average is 850000 tons for two years.
The sugar cane plant is a member of course growing of grass family and their Juice and sup have high sugar content.
Sugarcane
Sugarcane is the source of obtaining the sugar in tropical and subtropical countries. The production of sugar from sugarcane in 1966 and 1967 is 40 to 41 million tons. In Puerto Rice, sugar production average is 850000 tons for two years.
The sugar cane plant is a member of coarse growing of grass family and their Juice and sup have high sugar content.
The process of obtaining the sugar from sugar cane:
Many step use to obtain the sugar from sugar cane in industry:
1- Sugarcane receiving and unloading from transport
2- Sugarcane preparation
3- Sugarcane juice clarification
4- Sugarcane juice extraction
5- Sugarcane juice crystallization
6- Separation of sugar crystal in sugarcane juice
7- Drying of sugar crystal
8- Packaging of sugar crystal

Sugar beet

Sugar beet is used for the production of sugar as the sugar cane. For the production of sugar, sugar beets are harvest in autumn and early winter by digging in the ground. Sugar is formed in leaves by photosynthesis and is then stored in their root. Their root contains the 25 percent water and 20 percent sugar.
The pulp of sugar beet is insoluble in water and consists of the different compound such as the cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin and pectin and their component is used for animal feed.
Sugar produce steps from the Sugarbeet:
1- Delivery of sugar beet
2- Spot checks
3- Washing
4- Cutting
5- Diffusion
6- Purifying the sugar juice
7- Crystallization
8- Centrifugal Spinning
9- Molasses

Stevia

Stevia is the herb of South American and uses for sweetener for centuries. Stevia is sweeter than the sugar. Stevia plant contains stevioside compounds, rebaudioside, and glycoside. Stevia is a sugar substitute that comes from a plant and has no calories. Stevia leaves have the highly sweeteners and Stevia sugar are used as the medical properties such as lower of blood sugar level
The process making the syrup from stevia:
Many steps are used for making the syrup from the stevia.
1- Collection of leaves
2- Leaves the place inside bottle
3- Add the alcohol in the bottle
4- After the two-day filer the alcohol
5- Take the liquid and cook at low temperature
6- After the cooking filter the syrup
7- Fell the bottle and then close.

Authors:  Muhammad Usman , Hafiz Muhammad Adnan , Umair, Abdul Majid ,Sajid Sarwar

agrinfobank.com.pk Team
agrinfobank.com.pk Teamhttps://agrinfobank.com.pk
agrinfobank.com.pk is a comprehensive online platform dedicated to providing valuable agricultural information and resources in Pakistan. With a focus on promoting sustainable farming practices, enhancing agricultural productivity, and empowering farmers, agrinfobank.com.pk serves as a one-stop hub for all things related to agriculture in Pakistan. Through its user-friendly interface and a vast array of content, the platform aims to connect farmers, researchers, policymakers, and other stakeholders, facilitating knowledge exchange and driving the transformation of the agricultural sector in Pakistan.

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