Tomato, Hot pepper, sweet pepper, Brinjal, Cucumber, Okra, Bottle Gourd, Sponge Gourd, Bitter Gourd, Tinda Gourd, Pumpkin, Arum, Potato, Mint, Turmeric, Ginger, Musk Melon, Water Melon, Sweet Potato & Groundnut are summer crops. The best time of sowing is spring (Feb, March) and they will produce till September, October.

Winter Vegetables

The best sowing time of winter vegetables is September, October and they will produce till Feb, March.
Winter Vegetable includes: Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Carrot, Potato, Onion, Lettuce leaf, Radish, Turnip, Peas, Spinach, Fenugreek, Beets, Mustard, Coriander, Mint & Garlic

The above mentioned seasons are generally suited for most areas, but there are certain exceptions varying from crop to crop. For example tomato can be grown year around in Karachi or similar areas, but you cannot grow it in those parts of country where frost is certain also there are different varieties for different seasons for example summer Radish variety is different from winter variety.

Early and late sowing can also be beneficial, prepare seedling of spring planting in winter underneath plastic sheets & fall planting in summers underneath shades these crops will provide you off-season vegetables which are otherwise very costly in market.

The list of vegetables grow in Pakistan arrange with a common name:

English NameUrdu NameSowing TimeRows X Rows(inch)Plants X Plants(inch)Yield/PlantFirst Harvest
ArumارویFeb – March2418 180 – 200 days
Bitter GourdکریلہFeb – March, June – July36123 kg 
Bottle GourdکدوFeb – March, June – July, October36184 kg 
BrinjalبینگنFeb – March, June, Nov30182 kg60 -70 days
Broccoli Aug –Nov24120.75 kg60 -80 days
Cabbageبند گوبھیAug – Nov24120.75 kg60 -100 days
CarrotگاجرSep – Oct182130 gm60 -80 days
Cauliflowerپھول گوبھیJune – Oct2412850 gm60 -80 days
Celery Sep – Oct124100 gm100 – 120 days
CorianderدھنیاJuly _ Nov, Feb -April   45 -50 days
CucumberکھیراFeb – July36182.5 kg50-70 days
FenugreekمیتھیSept – Oct    
GarlicلہسنSept – Oct8450 gm 
GingerادرکFeb – March128  
Hot PeppersمرچSept – Oct, Feb.30181.5 kg50-60 days
Lettuceسلاد پتہSept – Oct126  
MintپودینہJuly – Nov, Feb -April   45-50 days
MustardسرسوںSept – Oct    
OkraبھنڈیFeb – March, June- July24181 kg70-90 days
OnionپیازFeb-March, Sep – Oct124100 gm150-180 days
Peasمٹرmid Sep-mid Nov242600 gm50-75 days
PotatoآلوFeb-March, Sep – Oct2481 kg110 -150 days
RadishمولیJuly – Nov, Feb-March182120 gm30-60 days
SpinachپالکJune – Nov   50-80 days
Sponge gourdتوریFeb – April, June – July36182.5 kg60-70 days
Sweet Peppersشملہ مرچOct – Nov, February30181 kg50-60 days
Sweet Potatoشکر قندیFeb – March3618700 gm140-150 days
Tinda GourdٹینڈاMarch –April, June- July36181 kg50-60 days
TomatoٹماٹرFeb – March, Sep – Nov30182.5 kg60-70 days
TurmericہلدیMarch –April, June- July36 1 kg 
TurnipشلجمAug – Nov243150 gm60-90 days

It is not possible to cover all aspects in vegetable calendar, so I will try to post individual topics on each vegetable but this calendar might be helpful.


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