Tomato, Hot pepper, sweet pepper, Brinjal, Cucumber, Okra, Bottle Gourd, Sponge Gourd, Bitter Gourd, Tinda Gourd, Pumpkin, Arum, Potato, Mint, Turmeric, Ginger, Musk Melon, Water Melon, Sweet Potato & Groundnut are summer crops. The best time of sowing is spring (Feb, March) and they will produce till September, October.
The best sowing time of winter vegetables is September, October and they will produce till Feb, March.
Winter Vegetable includes: Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Carrot, Potato, Onion, Lettuce leaf, Radish, Turnip, Peas, Spinach, Fenugreek, Beets, Mustard, Coriander, Mint & Garlic
The above mentioned seasons are generally suited for most areas, but there are certain exceptions varying from crop to crop. For example tomato can be grown year around in Karachi or similar areas, but you cannot grow it in those parts of country where frost is certain also there are different varieties for different seasons for example summer Radish variety is different from winter variety.
Early and late sowing can also be beneficial, prepare seedling of spring planting in winter underneath plastic sheets & fall planting in summers underneath shades these crops will provide you off-season vegetables which are otherwise very costly in market.
The list of vegetables grow in Pakistan arrange with a common name:
|English Name||Urdu Name||Sowing Time||Rows X Rows(inch)||Plants X Plants(inch)||Yield/Plant||First Harvest|
|Arum||اروی||Feb – March||24||18||180 – 200 days|
|Bitter Gourd||کریلہ||Feb – March, June – July||36||12||3 kg|
|Bottle Gourd||کدو||Feb – March, June – July, October||36||18||4 kg|
|Brinjal||بینگن||Feb – March, June, Nov||30||18||2 kg||60 -70 days|
|Broccoli||Aug –Nov||24||12||0.75 kg||60 -80 days|
|Cabbage||بند گوبھی||Aug – Nov||24||12||0.75 kg||60 -100 days|
|Carrot||گاجر||Sep – Oct||18||2||130 gm||60 -80 days|
|Cauliflower||پھول گوبھی||June – Oct||24||12||850 gm||60 -80 days|
|Celery||Sep – Oct||12||4||100 gm||100 – 120 days|
|Coriander||دھنیا||July _ Nov, Feb -April||45 -50 days|
|Cucumber||کھیرا||Feb – July||36||18||2.5 kg||50-70 days|
|Fenugreek||میتھی||Sept – Oct|
|Garlic||لہسن||Sept – Oct||8||4||50 gm|
|Ginger||ادرک||Feb – March||12||8|
|Hot Peppers||مرچ||Sept – Oct, Feb.||30||18||1.5 kg||50-60 days|
|Lettuce||سلاد پتہ||Sept – Oct||12||6|
|Mint||پودینہ||July – Nov, Feb -April||45-50 days|
|Mustard||سرسوں||Sept – Oct|
|Okra||بھنڈی||Feb – March, June- July||24||18||1 kg||70-90 days|
|Onion||پیاز||Feb-March, Sep – Oct||12||4||100 gm||150-180 days|
|Peas||مٹر||mid Sep-mid Nov||24||2||600 gm||50-75 days|
|Potato||آلو||Feb-March, Sep – Oct||24||8||1 kg||110 -150 days|
|Radish||مولی||July – Nov, Feb-March||18||2||120 gm||30-60 days|
|Spinach||پالک||June – Nov||50-80 days|
|Sponge gourd||توری||Feb – April, June – July||36||18||2.5 kg||60-70 days|
|Sweet Peppers||شملہ مرچ||Oct – Nov, February||30||18||1 kg||50-60 days|
|Sweet Potato||شکر قندی||Feb – March||36||18||700 gm||140-150 days|
|Tinda Gourd||ٹینڈا||March –April, June- July||36||18||1 kg||50-60 days|
|Tomato||ٹماٹر||Feb – March, Sep – Nov||30||18||2.5 kg||60-70 days|
|Turmeric||ہلدی||March –April, June- July||36||1 kg|
|Turnip||شلجم||Aug – Nov||24||3||150 gm||60-90 days|
It is not possible to cover all aspects in vegetable calendar, so I will try to post individual topics on each vegetable but this calendar might be helpful.