Worldwide, there are more than 40,000 other kinds of rice. Often instances, rice is categorised by its size as being either quick grain, medium grain or long grain. Short grain, which has the very best starch content, makes the stickiest rice, whilst long grain is lighter and tends to stay separate when cooked. The qualities of medium grain fall between the other two sorts. Another way that rice is classified is in line with the stage of milling that it undergoes. This is what makes a brown rice other than white rice. Thus, the main variations in several types of rice are their cooking traits, shapes and even colours and in some cases, a refined flavor distinction.

Rice grains are available 3 sizes: short-, medium-, and long-grain. Each kind has distinct traits and works easiest in a selected dish. Short-grain rice, like arborio rice, bomba rice, and sushi rice, is similar in duration and width and takes on a sticky texture when cooked.

So What Is the Healthiest Rice Choice? Basmati rice is the full best choice. Brown or white, it has the least quantity of arsenic and the most vitamins and minerals, plus its not as calorically dense as most other types of lengthy grain rice.

Rice will also be divided at the foundation of processing kind into the two wide categories of brown and white. Brown rice is entire grain, with simplest the inedible hull of the seed got rid of, whilst white rice moreover has the bran and germ got rid of through the process of milling.

Jasmine rice is various Oryza sativa. … The grains dangle and are reasonably sticky when cooked, though less sticky than glutinous rice (Oryza sativa var. glutinosa), as it has less amylopectin. It is about three times stickier than American long-grain rice.

If you are the common rice eater then boiled rice is better. If you consume whole grain rice like the purple rice then uncooked is better. The red rice or the bran rice is a superb source of fibre which delays the absorption of glucose in the body making it a wholesome option.

Wholegrain Basmati rice has the bottom GI (glycaemic index) of all rice varieties, which means that as soon as digested it releases its energy slowly keeping blood sugar levels more stable, which is a the most important part of diabetes management.

Jasmine rice is at first from Thailand and is repeatedly utilized in Southeast Asian cooking. This is a protracted grain variety of rice that has a refined floral aroma and a cushy, sticky texture when cooked. The grains are also shorter and thicker than basmati rice.

The rice sorts may also be divided into three elementary groups, lengthy grain, short grain and medium grain. Within the teams there also are speciality and aromotic rices:

Long Grain

All-purpose long grain rices are imported basically from the United States, Italy, Spain, Surinam, Guyana and Thailand and can be utilized for all styles of cooking. At one time lengthy grain rice used to be exported from India and used to be called patna after the district by which it grew.

Today most of the lengthy grain rice is imported into the UK from America. Long grain rice is a slim grain which is 4-five times as long as it is large. When it’s harvested it’s known as ‘rough’ or ‘paddy’ rice. It undergoes other milling techniques to provide different types of rice suited for different makes use of.

Regular Long Grain

Regular lengthy grain rice is without doubt one of the most well liked kinds of rice as it has a subtle flavour which completely complements both wealthy and gentle sauces. It is milled to take away the husk and bran layer and the remainder kernal is narrow and 4-five occasions as long as it is broad. On cooking the grains separate to give an exquisite fluffy impact. This rice is terribly versatile and is used for numerous international savoury dishes, especially in Chinese cuisine.

Parboiled Grain

This rice has a somewhat fuller flavour than regular white rice. It differes in that, not like regular white rice, which is milled direct from the sphere, easy cook rice is steamed underneath drive ahead of milling. This procedure hardens the grain, decreasing the possibility of over-cooking. It additionally is helping to retain a lot of the herbal vitamin and mineral content present in the milled layers.

When uncooked the rice has a golden colour, however turns white upon cooking. Can be used in the similar dishes as common long grain, and is particularly good in rice salads.

What is normal rice is called?

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza glaberrima (African rice) or Oryza sativa (Asian rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a big a part of the world’s human inhabitants, especially in Asia and Africa.

Rice varieties in Pakistan

Rice cultivated in Pakistan mainly divided into two main groups named Basmati and non basmati, the detail of both groups as follows:


Super kernal

Super Kernel Basmati is numerous long grain rice grown in India and Pakistan, notable for its fragrance and gentle, nuanced flavor. Its title method “the fragrant one” in Sanskrit, however it could actually additionally imply “the cushy rice.” India and Pakistan are the biggest cultivators and exporters of this rice; it’s primarily grown through paddy box farming in the Punjab area.

The grains of basmati rice are longer than maximum other kinds of rice. Cooked grains of Basmati rice are characteristically loose flowing reasonably than sticky, as with most long-grain rice. Cooked basmati rice can also be uniquely recognized through its fragrance. Length : 7.54mm Width: 1.62mm Thickness: 1.51mm Shape: slender with cooking Characteristics of elongation ration: 1:93 Amylose content material: 24.2% Gel Content: 63% Alkali Spread Value: 4.7%

Kainat (1121)

Super kainat could also be recognized to the sector as ‘super kainat’. Due to its further long length, rich pearl white color and highly fragrant grain, it’s in additional demand now than PK 385 basmati rice. This form of rice is a vital food for the population of the world nowadays and is regarded as one of the crucial perfect sorts of basmati now known. Packaging: 2-5-10-25-50 kg in PP Jute or Cotton luggage | zero-2% Broken | Sortexed | Double Polished / Silky Polished Length : 7.54mm Width: 1.62mm Thickness: 1.51mm Shape: slim with cooking Characteristics of elongation ration: 1:93 Amylose content: 24.2% Gel Content: 63% Alkali Spread Value: four.7%


This is the most productive high quality of Basmati rice grown in Pakistan. This selection turns into ripe for harvesting with in 115-120 days i.e. in November of each and every yr.Extra lengthy grain having duration from 6:eight mm to 7.88 mm and above Average Length – 7.20 mm Width – 1.55mm to 1.68 mm L / W Ratio – four.50 Color – White. On cooking white Super Basmati rice provides sturdy aroma, excellent taste and softness. Elongation ratio is about 2.00, can also be recognized and not using a thickness in width on cooking.



This is very similar to Basmati in structure, duration range 6.3 to 7.10 mm and width from 1.five mm to 1.6 mm. Elongation ratio on cooking may be very similar to Basmati however it provides no Aroma and taste. Some Exporters use this variety in blending with Basmati to scale back the fee.


This lengthy grain variety is not so good as others grades of non-basmati and is normally equipped in bulk shipments to African regions. Packaging: 25-35-50 kg in PP Jute or Cotton bags | five-10-15-20-25% Broken | Sortexed | Double Polished / Silky Polished and in addition available in Regular Quality, Specifications: Length : 6.00mm Width: 2.05mm Thickness: 1.70mm Shape: Slender with cooking Characteristics of elongation ration: 1:78 Amylose content material: 28.4% Gel Content: 43% Alkali Spread Value: 7% LONG GRAIN RICE


Many other folks want the muggy contact this rice has to offer. Much of Pakistan’s export of IRRI-9 is going to the Middle East. Packaging: 25-50 kg in PP Jute or Cotton baggage | 2-five% Broken | Sortexed | Double Polished / Silky Polished. Length : 6.93mm Width: 1.69mm Thickness: 1.46mm Shape: Slender with cooking Characteristics of elongation ration: 1:80 Amylose content: 28.eight% Gel Content: 44% Alkali Spread Value: 7% LONG GRAIN RICE


This is similar to Basmati in construction, period vary 6.3 to 7.10 mm and width from 1.5 mm to 1.6 mm. Elongation ratio on cooking may be very similar to Basmati but it surely gives no Aroma and taste. Some Exporters use this variety in mixing with Basmati to cut back the fee.


Basmati 370

Traditional Basmati rice produced in 1933 in RRI, KSk. The plant height is aprox 172 cm and maturity days are 115 to 120 days.


JP-5 released in 1965, by Agriculture Research Institute Tarnab, Peshawar PaKistan


Basmati Pak

Basmati Pak released in 1968 by Rice Research Institute Kala Shah Kaku punjab Pakistan.


IR 6 released in 1971 by Rice Research Institute Kala Shah Kaku Punjab Pakistan


Basmati 198

Basmati 198 released by Rice Rice Institute Kala Shah Kaku in 1972 for cultivation.

Kashmir Nafees

Kashmir Nafees released by NIAB Faisalabad in 1981 for cultivation.


DR 82

Rice Research Institute Dokri Sindh released DR 82 in 1982 for cultivation in Sindh.

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