Rice is divided into two main groups Basmati and Non-Basmati. Basmati rice always reflect the premium quality of aromatic basmati rice cultivated in Pakistan. Non basmati rice divided into two group; long grain and coarse grain varieties, long grain varieties having similar grain length like basmati but these varieties are non-aromatic while coarse varieties having short length and no aroma on cooking.

Another term “Hybrid rice” also use, it’s is use for both group of Basmati and Non-Basmati rice. Hybrid is basically combination of good charters from two different varieties in a single new variety.

Following is the list and history of all cultivated rice varieties available in Pakistan. All data summarized from a book title “Hand book on Rice varieties in Pakistan” Written by Ch. Mushtaq Ahmed (Director Rice Research Institute Kala Shah Kaku) and Dr. Muhammad Akram (Pricipal Scientifica Officer NARC Islamabad) and the book is published by RICE RSEARCH INSTITUTE Kala Shah Kaku Punjab PAKISTAN.

All tables taken and reproduce from book with proper source reference and original handbook can be download from this link Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN.

List of rice varieties in Pakistan

Ahmed and Akram (2007) have made considerable research to collect all the rice varieties grown in Pakistan and produce all available data including history and varieties development in the form hand book title ” Rice varieties in Pakistan” . The rice varieties are as follows:

Name of rice variety Release year
Basmati 370 1933
JP-5 1965
Basmati Pak 1968
IR6 1971
Basmati 198 1972
Kashmir Nafes 1981
DR 82 1982
KS 282 1983
DR 83 1983
Swat 1 1984
Swat 2 1984
Basmati 385 1988
Shadab 1988
Sada Hayat 1988
DR 92 1993
Shut 92 1993
Pakhal 1996
Rachna basmati 1996
Super Basmati 1996
Kushboo 95 1996
Saheen basmati 2001
Basmat 2000 2001
NIAB-IR( 2001
Sarshar 2003
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN

Rice varieties in Punjab

Basmati Rice (fine long grain and aromatic) is popular in Punjab for cultivation. Punjab’s climate and soil work to the advantage of the production of Basmati rice varieties. The soil is either sandy with good drainage or limited with good drainage. Locally grown rice varieties in Punjab are as follows:

  1. Basmati 370 
Year of release 1933
AGRONOMIC TRAITS
Plant height (cm) 172
Tillers/hill (No.) 11
Maturity days (No.) 115-120
Leaf habits Droopy
Stem Weak
Grains/panicle 115
Paddy Grain
Length (mm) 9.50
Breadth (mm) 2.20
Milling Recovery (%)
Total 70.4
Head Rice 62.3
Milled Grain
Length (mm) 6.70
Breadth (mm) 1.60
LIB ratio 4.19
Size Long
Shape Slender
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Mushkan-7 
Muskan-7  
Plant height (cm) 175
Tillers/hill (No. 10
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.50
Paddy Grain breadth (mm) 2.10
Milled Grain Deep Chocolate Color
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.70
Milled Grain breadth (mm) 1.92
L/B ratio 3.50
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Jhona-349 
Jhona-340  
Plant height (cm) 175
Tillers/hill (No.) 12
Maturity days (No.) 95
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.09
Paddy Grain Breadth (mm) 2.33
Milled Grain Length (mm)  6.36
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 2.00
LIB ratio 2.86
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Mushkan-41 
Mushkan – 41  
Paddy Grain – Length (mm) 9.72
Paddy Grain Breadth (mm) 2.00
Milled Grain Light Chocolate Colour
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.80
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 1.90
LIB ratio 3.54
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Sathra-278 
Sathra -278  
Plant height (cm) 150
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.54
Paddy Grain Breadth (mm) 2.30
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.70
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 2.20
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Mahlar-346 
Mahlar-346  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.4
Paddy Grain Breadth (mm) 2.56
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.55
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 2.08
LIB ratio 3.14
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Palman 246 
Palman 246   
Paddy Grain Length (mm 9.9
Paddy Grain Breadth (mm)
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.9
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 1.7
L/B ratio 4.05
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • C-622 
C-622   
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.40
Paddy Grain Breadth (mm) 2.10
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.90
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 1.7
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • Basmati Pak 
Basmati Pak Rice  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 10.9
Breadth(mm) 2.20
Milling Recovery Total (%) 70.0
Head Rice 60.0
Milled Grain Length (mm) 7.70
Milled Grain Breadth (mm) 1.80
L/B ratio 4.27
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. IRRI-8 
IR-8  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 8.81
Paddy Grain Breadth
(mm)
2.65
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.40
Breadth (mm) 2.80
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. IRRI-6 
IR-6  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.70
Breadth (mm) 2.40
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.62
Breadth (mm) 1.90
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. BASMATI – 198 
BASMATI – 198  
Paddy Grain Length
(mm
9.70
Breadth (mm) 2.26
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.9
Breadth (mm) 1.90
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. PK 177 
PK 177  
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.9
Breadth (mm) 4.31
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.8
Breadth (mm) 2.3
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. KS 282 
KS – 282  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.80
Breadth (mm) 2.30
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 72,4
Head Rice 58.5
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.7
Breadth (mm) 2.00
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. BASMATI – 385 
BASMATI – 385  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.60
Breadth (mm) 2.2
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 71.7
Head Rice 65.2
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.8
Breadth (mm) 1.6
Size Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 8.1
Amylose (%) 23.18
Aroma Moderate
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. SUPER BASMATI RICE 
SUPER BASMATI RICE  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 11.2
Breadth (mm) 2.11
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 69.7
Head Rice 58.8
Milled Grain Length (mm) 7.4
Breadth (mm) 1.6
Size Extra Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 8.9
Amylose (%) 24.8
Aroma Strong
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. BASMATI – 2000 
BASMATI – 2000  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 10.89
Breadth (mm) 1.97
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 69.5
Head Rice 53
Milled Grain Length (mm) 7.68
Breadth (mm) 1.83
Size Extra Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 8.1
Amylose (%) 25.2
Aroma Strong
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. KASHMIR NAFEES 
KASHMIR NAFEES  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.8
Breadth (mm) 2.3
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 68
Head Rice 52
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.61
Breadth (mm) 1.80
Size Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 6.5
Amylose (%) 20.15
Aroma Strong
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  1. RACHNA BASMATI 
NIAB IR9  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 10.5
Breadth (mm) 2.4
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 68.0
Head Rice 51.5
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.87
Breadth (mm) 1.6
Size Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 7.23
Amylose (%) 22.29
Aroma Nil
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • NIAB IR9 
NIAB IR9  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 10.5
Breadth (mm) 2.4
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 68.0
Head Rice 51.5
Milled Grain Length (mm) 6.87
Breadth (mm) 1.6
Size Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 7.23
Amylose (%) 22.29
Aroma Nil
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN
  • SHAHEEN BASMATI 
SHAHEEN BASMATI  
Paddy Grain Length (mm) 9.88
Breadth (mm) 2.0
Milling Recovery’ (%) Total 68.4
Head Rice 62.75
Milled Grain Length (mm) 7.23
Breadth (mm) 1.77
Size Extra Long
Shape Slender
Protein (%) 7
Amylose (%) 22.96
Aroma Moderate
Source:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283721779_RICE_VARIETIES_IN_PAKISTAN

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